Heading northeast from New Gate you come upon Damascus Gate. It is known by Arabs as the "Gate of the Column" because of tall pillars which stood during the Roman and Byzantine period. It was built around 1537 by the Ottoman Emperor Suleiman the Magnificent and today is one of the busiest and grandest gates into the Muslim Quarter of the Old City.
This gate was built in 1540 for Suleiman and leads to the Armenian and Jewish Quarters of the Old City. It provides access to Mount Zion just outside of the Old City. The pock marks in the wall are where bullets were shot during the Arab-Israeli battle in the War of Independence of 1948. It's being preserved today which is why it is guarded by scaffolding.St. Stephen's Gate or Lion's Gate
It is believed that the first Christian martyr, St. Stephen, was stoned just outside of the gate. It is also here that the Via Dolorosa begins, the way of the cross, that commemorate the final journey of Jesus to the cross. Each year thousands of pilgrims walk the Via Dolorosa offering prayers and recounting Jesus' final days. The gate is adorned with four lions placed there by Suleiman in 1538.
The Golden Gate was built approximately 640 CE and is one of the original Herodian city gates. In Jewish tradition the Messiah will enter Jerusalem through this gate, which is why it is said to the the reason why the Muslims sealed the gate in the 7th century.